## Monetary policy tools

How central banks can use open market operations and reserve requirements to enact monetary policy to close output gaps....

From Khan Academy

How central banks can use open market operations and reserve requirements to enact monetary policy to close output gaps....

From Khan Academy

Evolution of political parties in picking candidates and voter mobilization...

From Khan Academy

Linkage institutions: elections, media, interest groups and political parties....

From Khan Academy

How political efficacy, engagement and state laws can impact voter turnout....

From Khan Academy

Models of voting behavior: party-line voting, rational choice, retrospective voting and prospective voting....

From Khan Academy

Demand curve for money in the money market...

From Khan Academy

Equilibrium nominal interest rates in the money market...

From Khan Academy

Calculating two sample z interval (confidence interval for difference of proportions)...

From Khan Academy

Examples identifying conditions for two sample z-tests and z-intervals...

From Khan Academy

Confidence intervals for the difference between two proportions...

From Khan Academy

Core beliefs around the role of government in the US. Discussion of quotes by Ronald Reagan, FDR, Barack Obama and Milton Friedman....

From Khan Academy

Using Baker v. Carr to discuss judicial constraint versus judicial activism....

From Khan Academy

In addition to discretionary fiscal policy, there are policies and institutions that can help reduce swings in the business cycle. This video discusses the role of automatic stabilizers in the business cycle. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroec...

From Khan Academy

Using Title IX as an example of how the federal bureaucracy has rule-making and discretionary authority as it implements laws....

From Khan Academy

Another average velocity and speed example...

From Khan Academy

Average velocity and speed worked example...

From Khan Academy

Most people assume that the government prints money, and that is how money is created. That is not entirely true. Watch this video to find out the role that banks play in the creation of the money supply. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroecono...

From Khan Academy

Introduction to the federal bureaucracy...

From Khan Academy

Iron triangles and issue networks...

From Khan Academy

Congressional oversight over Executive Branch through committee hearing and power of the purse....

From Khan Academy

Examples of Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Franklin Roosevelt disagreeing with the United States Supreme Court....

From Khan Academy

What the "bully pulpit" is and how the State of the Union and mass media has only enhanced the President's ability to directly influence opinion. Reagan footage from Reagan Presidential Library....

From Khan Academy

From Federalist no. 70 to the 22nd Amendment and Arthur Schlesinger's "Imperial Presidency", a discussion of expansion and checks on presidential power....

From Khan Academy

Senate check on presidential appointments...

From Khan Academy

Divided government and gridlock in the United States...

From Khan Academy

Introduction to lipids like fats and phospholipids...

From Khan Academy

Introduction to nucleic acids (e.g., DNA and RNA) and nucleotides...

From Khan Academy

Introduction to carbohydrates (saccharides). Monomers and polymers. Glucose and glycogen....

From Khan Academy

Introduction to proteins as polymers of amino acids (monomers)....

From Khan Academy

Fiscal policy can be used to close output gaps. Fiscal policy means using either taxes or government spending to stabilize the economy. Expansionary fiscal policy can close recessionary gaps (using either decreased taxes or increased spending) and contrac...

From Khan Academy

If you know the size of an output gap, you can use the spending and tax multipliers to figure out the amount of fiscal policy that is needed to close that gap. This video walks you through that process. AP(R) Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Macroeconomic...

From Khan Academy

Learn how to calculate the interquartile range, which is a measure of the spread of data in a data set. Practice this lesson yourself on KhanAcademy.org right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/math/cc-sixth-grade-math/cc-6th-data-statistics/cc-6th/e/calc...

From Khan Academy

A demand shock has a short-run effect on an output and unemployment, but in the long run only the price level will be impacted. If there is an increase in aggregate demand, the price level will go up. Once wages have adjusted to that inflation in the long...

From Khan Academy

The interaction of SRAS and AD determine national income. We can compare that national income to the full employment national income to determine the current phase of the business cycle. An economy is said to be in long-run equilibrium if the short-run eq...

From Khan Academy

Unexpected inflation or deflation takes wealth away from one group and gives it to another group. This video talks about the winners and losers from inflation and deflation. Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/ec...

From Khan Academy

This video provides a practice exercise calculating the CPI and inflation. Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/ap-macroeconomics/economic-iondicators-and-the-business-cycle/price-indices...

From Khan Academy

Comparing P values to significance levels...

From Khan Academy

AP Statistics free response on significance test for mean...

From Khan Academy

Comparing P value from t statistic to significance level...

From Khan Academy

...

From Khan Academy

...

From Khan Academy

...

From Khan Academy

Example showing how to calculate the test statistic in a one-sample t test for a mean...

From Khan Academy

When to use z or t statistics in significance tests...

From Khan Academy

Conditions for a t test for a mean...

From Khan Academy

...

From Khan Academy

Calculating P value from z table...

From Khan Academy

Comparing P value to significance level example...

From Khan Academy